Thane is a railway station on the Central line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network. Thane railway station is one of the busiest railway stations in India. Thane has been ranked as the busiest railway station on the Mumbai suburban network, followed by Andheri and Kalyan. The findings of the survey by Mumbai Rail Vikas Corporation (MRVC) came as a surprise as in Central line, Dadar and Churchgate were conventionally thought of to be the most crowded.
Thane was the station for the initial customer train in India. On 16 April 1853, the first train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder (now renamed Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus), Mumbai, and Thane. Covering a distance of 34 kilometers, it was hauled by 3 locomotives: Sahib, Sindh, and Sultan. Thane handles as many as 6.54 lakh passengers daily. Every day, more than 1,000 trains pass through Thane. At the South end of Central Line is Mumbai CST and at the north end are either Kasara, Khopoli and Karjat.
Thane railway station is major on central railway, it is also a junction for Harbor line towards Navi Mumbai and Long journey trains to East & South India. Harbor Line from Thane Station and ends either at Vashi or Nerul or CBD Belapur or Panvel. Long distance train mostly travel to states like Karnataka, Goa, Andra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and North East among others.
The station has witnessed some major developments just like the construction of the Station Area Traffic Improvement Scheme (SATIS), escalators, large foot over bridges, extra range of price ticket windows, ATVMs, etc. The best way to get to Thane from Mumbai using public transport is to take the local train service.
Thane City has been proposed to have Metro and Monorails. A separate Water Taxi (Ferry) from Thane city to other parts of MMR will also be operation in some years. All these efforts will reduce the footprints that Thane railway station is currently seeing.